What is a woven label? And how to make them?

What is a woven label? It is a fabric clothing label on the loom as damask, salvage, satin, reverse woven labels with damask, salvage, or crochet machine. They mainly have two types: selvage and trimming, with text, letters, and LOGO patterns. Usually, we sew them on clothes, pants, shirts, shoes and hats, home textiles, etc.

What is a woven label?

Woven labels are woven on the loom by fixing warp yarns. And the woven label machine prints logos, graphics, letters, numbers, 3D signs, and colors with weft yarns. The woven label itself is not big. And the specification of the pattern design must sometimes be accurate to 0.05mm. If it is slightly larger by 0.05mm, then this type of woven label will be out of shape compared to the original. Naturally, it is acceptable for some consumers to require a woven label with a difference of 0.05mm.

However, for some relatively high-end well-known brands, a difference of 0.05mm is not enough. And it must be accurate. Because this type of woven label is a long-term user evaluation medium, it has a brand name. In terms of brand clothing, the label is a tangible medium for user evaluation and publicity planning. Please refer to the woven label photo gallery if you what to see more woven label samples.

What is the cutting process of a woven label?

The cutting process includes hot cutting (burning edge woven label), laser cutting (laser woven label), ultrasonic cutting, half-fold, two ends fold, hanging ear fold, and irregular iron fold.

What are the different processes on the back of a woven label?

According to the different processes on the back, we have a cotton-filled woven label, adhesive-backed woven label, overlock woven label; back thermal adhesive woven label; back double-sided adhesive woven label, and back paper plain-woven label.

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How many materials are used in a woven label?

  • Ribbon (affordable, can achieve the best washing effect);
  • Tape (the tape is also called plant-coated cloth, the surface is slippery. Therefore, the printing effect is the best, but it is not as washable as the ribbon);
  • Cotton belt (natural and eco friendly);
  • Polyester tape (smooth fabric, good print, washable)

Different types of woven labels

There are mainly 3 types of woven labels. Such as damask woven labels, satin woven labels, and reverse woven labels.

Damask woven labels

Damask woven labels have yarn behind and his edges are cut. According to their different textures, we can divide them into two types. The first is the flat product label. The other is the segmented product label. Because damask woven labels are the most common type of woven labels. And the workmanship is fine and the details are well done. Therefore, it is very popular with clothing manufacturers and brands. And it is cost-effective and can have mass production. Then, its price is not expensive and can save the cost of customers.

Satin woven labels

Satin woven label is a type of selvage label. And satin woven labels are also woven satin material. It has softer edges and surfaces like silk. So, it looks more premium and is slightly more expensive. Because it’s starched and high-end, so many clothing brands will customize it.

Reverse woven labels

Reverse woven labels are also a kind of satin woven label. But its satin is in behind. The front is the reverse of the satin label. And some colors (underground colors) cannot be made flat and double-sided. The opposite side of the satin finish suits the base color. But the workmanship is very good. So, we hardly see any flaws.

The reversed satin woven labels are very special and few customers choose them. Both sides are totally reversed compared with satin woven garment labels. And it means that the smooth front side is on the back. While the striped backside is at the front.

What are the woven label types classified by application?

  1. The main woven labels. They are suitable for the main collar label on the neck or trousers;
  2. Fold in half woven labels. It is often used for decorative labels on the side seams and coating edges of clothes;
  3. Woven wash labels. We add washing instructions inside the garment;
  4. Woven size labels. There are men’s and women’s clothing, children’s clothing as well as upper & lower clothing. Such as 150/70A S, 175/75A XL, and so on.
  5. Decorative labels. They refer to all kinds of woven badges, sleeve labels, trouser pocket labels, etc.;

Types of woven label machine

Damask woven label is the current mainstream practice. Because of its high yield and high-cost performance. The salvage woven label machine is relatively old and high-end, but the output is low. And crochet machines are basically few factories in use now.

Damask woven machine

The most obvious way to identify it is to look at the cut edge of the label. We generally use hot cutting. And hot-cutting woven labels have obvious incisions. The cut edge feels slightly hard, and it is black. The other cutting way is ultrasonic cutting. And it also has obvious incisions, but the cut edge feels smoother and does not sting the skin.

Features:

  • The cloth label is woven like a piece of cloth along the warp direction. And then cut, so we also call it a trimming machine.
  • According to their different textures, it has two categories. Namely, plane woven label (plain) and satin woven label (twill).
  • The plane woven label has a general plane, heavy shuttle, and so on. But satin has a double satin.
  • According to the warp used, it can be black flat, white flat and black satin, and white satin.
  • The different types of threads include gold thread woven labels, a silver thread woven labels, pure cotton woven labels, etc.

Salvage woven label machine

Salvage woven labels include satin woven labels and reverse woven labels. And the cloth label of the salvage woven label comes out of the machine as a whole. So its edges belong to the wrapping type. The weft yarns seem to be the same color from the beginning to the end and feel flexible. The disadvantage is that the production efficiency is low. Generally, it can only use no more than four colors.

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The biggest feature of this machine is that it can only produce satin main labels. The way to tell is to look at the edges. The edges are selvage, with no cuts, and the hand feel is fine. There are mainly three kinds of white satin, black satin, and white satin ironing woven labels.

Crochet woven label machine

The crocheted woven label is similar to the salvage woven label. However, it is not a shuttle-type mechanical product, but a knitted product. The crochet sewing machines can weave quality various crafts. It can even add transparent polyester yarn to the warp.

However, its weft is tighter and stronger. So, we use them as a hot color label. Using the different features of warp and weft yarns, the bottom plate is colored by high-temperature transfer printing. So, the cost of this type of label is high.

What are some restrictions on the production size of the woven label machine?

Width limitation:

  • Damask machine: The minimum width requirement is 1CM. If it is less than 1CM, it needs to be cut by hand. The scrap rate and the cost are high. There is basically no upper limit requirement for the width. The maximum width can be 110CM.
  • Salvage machine: the width is between 1CM and 5CM, and the maximum is 5.0CM.
  • Crochet machine: the width is between 0.6CM and 3.5CM, and the maximum is 3.5CM.

Color restrictions:

  • Damask machine: The optional range is the widest. There are up to 12 colors, including gold, silver, black, and other metal threads.
  • Salvage machine: it can weave up to 4 colors (including satin base). However, for satin-colored woven labels, we can only use silk threads(it is not easy to be dyed during the ironing process). Also, we can not use gold, silver, black, and other metal wires. And the high temperature is easy to break. In addition, the ironing process is a proprietary process of the salvage machine. So, other machines can’t do it.
  • Crochet machine: it can weave up to 4 colors.

What is a woven label density?

The density of the woven label refers to the weft density. The higher the weft density, the higher the quality of the woven label. Weft density refers to how many cotton yarns there are in the woven label in the 1CM range. If the cotton yarn is denser, the emphasis on the woven label will be more delicate. The delicate woven label belongs to the high-end woven label. In addition, we use D to indicate cotton yarn size. 100D is coarser, 75D is finer, 50D is finer yarn, and 30D is finer cotton yarn.

How to distinguish the quality of woven labels?

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Look at the color of the woven label. The color is generally selected from the Pantone color system. The color comparison here is all based on the original color or the Pantone color number of the design draft. There is no special indication for this. And it can only be judged by the senses.

How to make woven labels? -7 steps

  • First, use design software (such as CorelDraw or Adobe Illustrator) to make the design draft of the woven label. Most of them are simple typesetting. If you need a woven label with shading, you need to use pictures or real samples for reference. The shading may not be reflected in the design draft.
  • Second, to import the design draft into the computer program of the loom.
  • Third, prepare the yarn according to the design draft. The main thing is to consider the color. Conventional colors are generally available in stock. But unconventional colors require custom dyeing.
  • The fourth step is to assemble the yarn into the weaving machine to start weaving. And then, package it at the same time. Then computer machine uses Ultrasonic cutting, slitting, and rolling. While the wooden shuttle machine directly rolls and packages.
  • In the fifth step, put the rolled woven label into the cutting and folding machine. Then cut and fold according to the size required by the customer.
  • Then, press, iron, etc. as needed, and make post-processing.
  • Finally, make a quality inspection, sorting, and packaging

Points that should notice when making woven labels

In general, how to make woven labels? That is woven on a special high-speed machine-like cloth. Then cut into strips according to the target width. Because of the heat-melting properties of polyester. The yarns will stick to each other when we cut them, and will not scatter. It is also for this reason that the appearance and feel will be affected to a certain extent. A good machine and an ultrasonic cut are better than a regular electric knife. And we can sort striped cloth labels and sent them to garment factories for processing.

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If the requests are strict, we still need to cut and fold the labels. Because the maximum width of this single faucet machine is 20.8cm. That is to say, labels of this width can be woven, and various shapes are available.

How to make a high-quality woven label?

High-quality woven labels require a high process, but the output is low. There are also plane/satin finishes, which have a soft feel. High-quality woven labels are more suitable for high-end clothing items, such as fashion, suits, etc. The Japanese manufacturers who are very particular about quality use the most. The selvage label is generally a satin label. But the satin background color is difficult to express. Therefore, we often use processes such as ironing/dyeing to solve this problem.

About the woven label industry

Woven labels have wide use in our lives. There is a small woven label on clothes, trousers, shoes, and bags. And we will add the logo or wordmark of the brand on it. These are the signs of clothing brands. , plays a key role in the apparel market.

Woven labels go through many steps in the production process. Therefore, we all need to check every link. In order to certify the customer’s product quality problems.

21 different types of labels in garments

There are 21 different types of labels in garments, which we can distinguish from 4 aspects: materials, functions, sewing ways, and manufacturing processes.

  • Metal labels
  • Leather labels
  • PVC(rubber, silicone) labels
  • Fabric labels
  • TPU labels
  • Main label
  • Care(wash) labels
  • Size labels
  • Hang tags
  • Flag labels
  • Iron-on labels
  • Heat transfer labels
  • Sewing labels
  • Metal labels & tags with rivets and bendable leg
  • Woven labels
  • Printed labels
  • Hot stamped leather labels
  • Casting metal & PVC labels
  • Embroided labels
  • High frequency labels

Why are clothing labels so important?

As we all know, clothing labels are an important part of clothing trimmings. They are more than just a piece of cloth or tags. They can clearly record the brand logo, clothing size, and ingredient list, place of origin, manufacturer, care information, etc. Many customers will decide whether to buy clothing based on the label. Therefore, labels are very important for product sales. This article also introduces various types of clothing labels from four perspectives.

Classified by materials

According to materials, we can divide clothing labels into metal labels, leather labels, PVC(rubber, silicone) labels, fabric labels, and TPU labels.

Metal labels

What are the metal labels? Metal labels are metal tags & accessories for clothing, hats, or bags, which can be engraved with brand logos.

clothing metal labels

Metal labels have many types like aluminum labels, stainless steel labels, silver labels, copper labels, or brass labels, zinc alloy labels, etc. Then, metal labels have wide usage and processes involve stamping, printing, or laser cutting, etc. 

Leather labels

What are the leather labels? Leather labels are one of the types of labels with leather material. we can also call them leather tags or leather patches. They have the types of artificial(PU), genuine(real), or suede(microfiber) leather labels.

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It is ideal for clothing jackets, denim, caps, bags, etc. And all the leather labels can use printing, embossing, or gold/silver hot stamping way to add personalized logos and metal tags.  And the adding ways include stitched on, ironed on, stuck on, or using Velcro.

PVC(rubber, silicone) labels

What are the PVC labels? PVC labels are made of soft PVC rubber material. Its full name is Polyvinyl Chloride. PVC labels and silicone labels belong to rubber labels. And they are a special tag & patch sewing for clothing like jackets, bags, hats, canvas, outdoor products.

PVC rubber labels

Most of the PVC labels can highlight the brand image by adding a company logo or brand name. So, you can use them by sewing, velcro, self-adhesive, soft magnet backings. But anyway, just attach them in your own personalized way.

Fabric labels

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What are the fabric labels? Fabric labels are made of cloth fabric material including woven and printed fabric labels, which are durable and soft.

And materials include satin, nylon, taffeta, polyester, tape, ribbon, non-woven fabric, cotton fabric. Thus, they are ideal for t-shirts, coats, shirts, pants, child clothing, etc.

TPU labels

What are the TPU labels? TPU labels, also called clear clothing labels, are soft thin labels with logos printed on rubber-like materials. Their main material is TPU (Thermoplastic Polyurethane) material. So, it is more eco-friendly than silicone and PVC.

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In addition, we use screen printing, matte, frosted, bronzing, etc to make the labels. Above all, it shows a clear, transparent, or translucent effect. In conclusion, they are suitable for swimwear, underwear, etc.

Classified by fuctions

According to the function of labels, we divide them into the main label, care labels, size labels, hang tags, and flag labels.

Main label

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What is the main label? The main label is a type of clothing label by woven, printed, heat transfer or a leather way to add the brand logo & name on the fabric. It is usually under the inner and back collar of the top, or at the inner and back middle seam of the bottom. In general, a piece of clothing must have the main label when using labels.

Care labels

What are the care labels? Care labels are garment wash labels and care symbols, which mark the fabric composition, care information of the clothes, and the correct washing method.

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We attach the symbols to clothing or textiles. Such as washing, dry cleaning, drying, and ironing clothing. In general, factories or brands will use washing instructions and print the company’s logo, the size on the labels.

Size labels

What are the size labels? Size labels are clothing labels that print or weave a specific size on clothing. Such as S, M, L, XL sizes for garments, beddings, shoes, bags.

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Size labels include printed size labels and woven size labels. And they use laser-cut or hot-cut way. Its material includes polyester and cotton, satin, nylon, etc. When people shop, the first thing when they catch one clothes is to see its size. So as to judge whether it fits them or not.

Hang tags

What are the hang tags? Hang tags are clothing tags that use paper, plastic, metal, leather, fabric material to print brand logos or product information. Such as price, care symbols, contact info, social links or website, brand stories, etc.

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Apart from this, we hang it on the products by string, rope and metal chain, etc. On the string tags, there print a brief description and design of the products. While some certificate is hanging on the products as a hangtag.

Flag labels

What are the flag labels? Flag labels are small clothing labels attached at the outside bottom of fabrics, clothing, beddings, etc.

flag labels

In general, it will print or weave brand logo, company name to specify its belongs. So, we can make the labels as brand labels or name labels to show the brand image.

Classified by sewing ways

According to the sewing ways of labels, we divide them into the iron-on label, heat transfer labels, sewing labels, metal labels & tags attached by rivets, and bendable legs.

Iron-on labels

What are the Iron-on labels? Iron-on labels are made of heat adhesive backing by peeling off them to be ironed on fabrics by an iron. Then you will get perfect iron-on labels with water-proof, durable, and skin-good effects.

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Thus, they are ideal for tees, shirts, t-shirts, trousers, pants, uniforms, etc. From which, it can print the personalized brand logo and name, contact info, websites or care symbols, etc.

Heat transfer labels

What are the heat transfer labels?

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Heat transfer labels are clothing main labels and heat press the logo or design onto the special transfer paper, synthetic film, or plastic film. Then, peel off the film and apply them to the clothing fabrics. Thus, we can also call them tag-less tags or thermal transfer labels. Of course, it is perfect for t-shirts.

Sewing labels

What are the sewing labels? Sewing labels are a kind of clothing label used in any fabrics by sewing machine. But, its edges usually leave grooves, holes that can be sewn.

PVC sewing labels

Any type of sewing label that can sew belongs to sewing labels. Such as woven labels, printed labels, leather, fabric, PVC, or metal labels.

Metal labels with rivets and bendable leg

The way to attach metal tags & labels have main 2 types. That is attached by rivets or use the bendable leg. When customizing metal labels, customers usually choose two ways to attach the label on clothing, hats, bags, etc. And they are easy to add on the items.

Classified by manufacturing processes

According to the manufacturing processes of labels, we divide them into the woven label, printed labels, hot-stamped leather labels, casting metal & PVC labels, embroidered labels, high-frequency labels.

Woven labels

Woven labels are a kind of the main label for clothing brands, which are weaved from fabrics including damasks, polyester, satins, taffetas, and cotton.

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And there are many types of labels. Such as cotton woven labels, selvage woven labels, damask woven labels, satin woven labels, crochet woven labels, iron-on woven labels.

Printed labels

Printed labels are often inside clothing labels use printing ways to print logos, product info, company name, contact, or site links to improve brand image.

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And their materials include TPU, ribbons, cotton, satin, nylon, polyester, taffeta, canvas, tape, leather. In general, they have many types like the care or wash label, size label, etc.

Hot-stamped leather labels

Hot-stamped leather labels are generally used on the back waist of jeans, but of course, they are also used on bags, handbags, shoes, and hats. The craftsmanship of leather labels is generally hot pressing (high temperature and timed ironing). There are also voltage (high frequency), silkscreen, laser, sewing, embroidery, hardware… etc.

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Product materials include first-layer leather, second-layer leather, microfiber leather, and artificial(PU and PVC) leather, synthetic leather. The leather label can be added to items by adding back 3M glue, adding Velcro, punching, piercing, etc. Thus, they are suitable for clothing, home furnishings, etc.

Casting metal & PVC labels

Metal labels and some PVC labels often use the process of stamping, die-casting. They are a good way to manufacture the labels. Because the finish products will be durable and have a smooth surface.

Casting metal labels

At the same time, we can inlay the metal labels with diamonds, painted, punched, and dripped. Plating and sealing glaze can ensure that each product will not be oxidized and will not fade.

Embroided labels

What are the embroidered labels? An embroidered label is a type of clothing design created by overlapping thread stitches. The types of embroidery labels mainly include flat, 3D, towel, sequins, cloth, toothbrush, hand-beaded, mixed embroidery labels, etc. Embroidered labels can use the following 3 ways backing added to items:

embroidered labels

Iron-on backing: for bags, hats, jackets, etc;
Sewing: sewing by machine to garments for long time use;
Adhesive backing: for short time uses of clothing;
Velcro(hook and loop) backing: for easy on-off down jackets, coats, etc.

High frequency labels

What is the high-frequency label? The high-frequency label is a label that takes silicone/PVC material fusion welding on the felt fabric by high-frequency skill. It is also called the felt label.

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High frequency refers to the electromagnetic wave frequency of more than 100 kHz. Further, there are many applications for the label. Such as for clothing, gifts, toys, shoes, bows, decorating ribbons, etc.

Custom woven labels for clothing

Custom woven labels with logos are woven fabric labels for clothing as main labels or neck size labels wholesale, materials include damask, satin, taffeta, etc. They contain information such as text, letters, and logo patterns. Custom woven labels can not only express the brand name and connotation. But show the product size, origin, composition, and description. Therefore, it is ideal for clothing, shoes, hats, bags, and home textiles.

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Cheap woven labels for clothing

We wholesale cheap woven labels with brand logos, custom fabric labels, cotton woven labels, printed woven labels, and damask woven labels for clothing. The cheap woven labels don’t mean low-quality products at low prices. The price of cheap labels is decided by the size, color, material, and order quantity.

Small size and less color quantity will reduce the cost of the cheap woven labels. On the contrary, a big order quantity will make the unit price cheaper. And satin woven labels are cheaper than laser cut woven labels. Meanwhile, the more complex the color, the higher the price. Generally, we don’t recommend you use too many colors. Besides, the material also decides the price. Thus, you can choose a similar material to replace.

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Difference between damask and selvage woven label

The difference between the damask woven label and selvage woven label lies in the production machine, and they belong to the category of fabric woven labels. As we all know, different classifications have different production characteristics. Therefore, distinguishing different labels can help customers understand products more deeply and comprehensively.

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